Unseen Passage about Food Wastage in India Objective and Subjective Q&A

After reading the following passage, you would be able to answer some basic questions about Food Wastage in India. You can suggest some ways to reduce food wastage so that the number of poor people sleeping on an empty stomach can be reduced to an extent. This passage contains both objective and subjective question answers.

Unseen Passage about Food Wastage in India Objective and Subjective Q&A

Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.

1. Have we ever thought consciously about how much food we waste on a daily basis? Have we ever started evaluating how much food our household, culture, nation and environment are wasting? It’s not something that scares individuals who have food readily accessible whenever they feel hungry. However, those who are not even able to consume one square meal in a day, always wonder if they should have filled their stomach with all the food that is wasted around them.

2. In medium and high-income countries, food fit for human consumption is discarded in vast amounts at the supermarket and market level. In particular, major food and waste losses exist in the food supply chain in low-income countries at the manufacturing and processing stages. Data reveals that India wastes as much food as the whole United Kingdom eats, contrary to Indians’ perception that they don’t waste food.

3. In fact, food waste in India is a troubling concern, and the streets of the country, especially garbage bins and landfills have ample evidence to prove this. Up to 40 per cent of the food produced in India is wasted, according to the United Nations Development Programme, and about 21 million tons of wheat is wasted annually.

4. Every year in India, about 67 million tonnes of food is wasted, which has been estimated to be around Rs. 92,000 crores. In other words, this amount is adequate to feed all of Bihar for a year. Nearly 21 million metric tons of wheat are found to rot in India per year. This number is equivalent to the gross annual production of Australia.

5. For global food security and the climate, food wastage is a topic of priority. Not only does food waste have a negative impact on the environment, but it also influences the economy of a nation by creating economic losses. Approximately one-third of all food produced for human consumption is lost or wasted, according to an FAO study. The economic effects of this food pollution are considerable, amounting to about $1 trillion per year.

Unseen Passage Multiple Choice Questions

1. Why does the writer want us to think consciously about food wastage? because
a. the food was purchased with his money.
b. the world is going through a food scarcity
c. a higher percentage of the population in India is unable to get a square meal.
d. he is inspired by global food security

2. Why does food scarcity not scare people who have food readily accessible? because
a. they are breatharian (people who think air is food and they are capable of living without eating food)
b. they are rich and can easily buy food for themselves.
c. they are insensitive towards food wastage.
d. None of above

3. Find the phrase which means the same as one square meal in the given sentence –
The soldiers are tired. They didn’t have basic food for 5 days.

a. one square meal
b. balanced meal
c. nutritious meal
d. one circle meal

4. Why are some people of a country unable to eat even a square meal a day?
a. due to food shortage
b. due to food wastage
c. they are poor and can’t afford to buy a square meal
d. all above

5. What is Indians’ perception of food wastage?
a. They think that they use food conservatively.
b. They think that they don’t waste food.
c. They think that they waste a lot of food
d. both a and b

6. Why does the writer say that food waste is a troubling concern in India?
a. Up to 40 per cent of the food produced in India is wasted
b. about 21 million tons of wheat are wasted annually
c. India wastes as much food as the whole United Kingdom eats
d. all above

MCQ Answers:

  1. c
  2. b
  3. a
  4. c
  5. b
  6. d

Unseen Passage about Food Wastage in India Subjective Q&A

Based on your understanding of the passage, answer the following questions :

(i) The writer says that food wastage is not something that scares individuals who have food readily accessible. Whom does it actually scare and how?

ANS: Food wastage actually scares poor and needy people who can’t afford to get a square meal in a day because they wonder if they could have filled their stomachs with the food that was wasted around them.

ii Cite a point in evidence, from the text, to suggest that food wastage in medium and high-income countries differs from low-income countries.

In low-income countries, food losses exist only in the manufacturing and processing stages that are unavoidable, whereas in medium and high-income countries food fit for consumption is thrown away at the supermarket and the market level which should be taken care of and distributed among hungry people.

iii How Indians’ perception that they don’t waste food is contradictory to evidence?

Garbage bins and landfills containing discarded food items are a piece of solid evidence to prove that a lot of food is wasted in India. Moreover, data reveals that annually 67 tonnes of food waste occur in India and nearly 21 million metric tons of staple grain – wheat rot in godowns every year.

iv According to the passage, how much food is sufficient for people in Bihar?

According to the passage, 67 million tons of food that is otherwise wasted annually in India is sufficient to feed people in Bihar.

v Rewrite the given sentence by replacing the underlined phrase with a similar one, taking cues from para 3.
Along with pollutants like nitrogen, Sulphur and ozone, particulate matter is also a reason to worry amid rising pollution.

Troubling Concern

vi Select a suitable phrase from lines 1 to 3 to complete the following sentence appropriately.
Many athletes restrict their salt intake on purpose, believing this will help prevent blood pressure problems.

Consciously

vii Is ‘food wastage’ a national issue or a global one? Why?

ANS: Food wastage is certainly a global issue because food is the basic need of humans in every country and the issue of food scarcity is increasing with the rising population.

viii The passage highlights a few ironic situations. Cite an example/data of anyone of such an ironic situation.

The most ironic situation is that well to do people throw away edible food without thinking about those who don’t have the resources to buy food and are forced to stay hungry.

ix. Give at least one suggestion to reduce food wastage, be it at an individual level, community or national level.

At the community level, people can form groups on social media and disseminate news about the availability of food to others who need it. It will serve two purposes: hungry people will get the food and pile-up of waste will get reduced

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