An easy unseen passage with MCQ based on factual information about white tigers and their conservation has been uploaded by the Department of Education, GNCT of Delhi for the Mid Term Examination 2022-23. This reading passage was a part of the full language and literature paper which would be soon solved and uploaded on Essayshout.
Unseen Passage with MCQ for Class 10 2023 | White Tiger |
The white tiger is an offspring of the Bengal tiger, which has the necessary gene for white colouring. It has beautiful black stripes on a white coat. This species of animal has blue eyes and a pink nose.
A pure white tiger is totally white without any stripe, which is due to the presence of a double recessive allele in the genetic code. It happens only in the Bengal tiger subspecies, and only one in 10,000 births can have it naturally. White tigers are rarely seen in the wild, and only twelve of them have been spotted in India in the last one hundred years. Tigers have a lifespan of 10-15 years. They are solitary animals and
are fond of hunting at night. Their diet consists of any animals that they can catch, and can eat up to 40 pounds of meat at one time. After such a big meal, they usually remain away for several days from food.
They are slow runners, but good swimmers. They are poor climbers and cannot climb a tree quickly. They live in an area ranging from 10 to 30 square miles depending upon the availability of prey, water and shelter. Habitat loss, poaching and expansion of the human population have contributed to their becoming endangered. They are widely hunted for their body parts, which are used in traditional Chinese medicines. Genetic inbreeding is another reason for their endangerment. Due to a shortage in their
number, this species of animal has been subjected to inbreeding. It has resulted in high mortality rates and severe disabilities. About 80 per cent of white tiger cubs are born with serious birth defects related to inbreeding, and they soon die off.
The critical condition of this animal has attracted the attention of conservationists worldwide. World Wildlife Federation (WWF), defenders of wildlife, and many other wildlife organizations are working with the support of the government for the cause of protecting them from becoming extinct. Once they become extinct, it will not be possible to bring them back to life.
Source: DoE, Mid Term Examination 2022-23
Based on your understanding of the passage, answer the questions given below: (1 X 10 = 10 Marks)
1 Recently, how many white tigers have been spotted in India?
ANS: 12 (Twelve)
2 What is the lifespan of a tiger?
a) 5-10 years
b) 10-15 years
c) 15-20 years
d) 20-25 years
ANS: b) 10-15 years
3 The White tiger is an offspring of
a) Rajasthan tiger
b) Chennai tiger
c) Punjab tiger
d) Bengal tiger
ANS: d) Bengal tiger
4 Tigers are __________climbers and cannot climb a tree easily.
ANS: c) Poor
5 A pure tiger is totally white without any _______stripes.
ANS: d) Brown
6 What affects the tiger from remaining away for several days from food?
ANS: After having a big meal (which can be 40 pounds of meat at a time), a tiger remains away from food for several days.
7 Find the word from the passage which means the same as ‘hereditary’.
8 Name any two agencies working for the protection of tigers.
ANS: World Wildlife Federation (WWF) and defenders of wildlife
9 What two factors have put tigers species in the category of endangered animals?
ANS: Widespread hunting for their body parts and extensive use in Chinese medicines have been the main factors for making this animal an endangered species.
10 Why do we protect Wild Tigers from becoming extinct?
ANS: Wild tigers are being protected from becoming extinct to let the coming generations know about the rare species of the animal and to maintain a balance in the ecosystem.