Students, get ready to explore more than 50 MCQs for Term 1 Class 10th English, Lesson 2 – Nelson Mandela, all based on the new pattern of CBSE announced for 2021-2022. If you are still unsure about what is the new pattern or competency-based question format for classes 9-12. Then you must check these Real-life based questions and come back after reading them. Do not think to enter the examination room before solving the Class 10 Question Bank released by CBSE.
Nelson Mandela Long Walk to freedom MCQ 2021-2022 | Term 1 Class 10 English Lesson 2 Extra Questions |
Read the extracts given below and attempt anyone by answering the questions that follow: 1 × 5 = 5
Tenth May dawned bright and clear. For the past few days, I had been pleasantly besieged by dignitaries and world leaders who were coming to pay their respects before the inauguration. The inauguration would be the largest gathering ever of international leaders on South African soil. The ceremonies would take place in the lovely sandstone amphitheatre formed by the Union Buildings in Pretoria. For decades this had been the seat of white supremacy, and now, it was the site of a rainbow gathering of different colours and nations for the installation of South Africa’s first democratic, non-racial government. On that lovely autumn day, I was accompanied by my daughter Zenani. On the podium, Mr de Klerk was first sworn in as second deputy president. Then Thabo Mbeki was sworn in as first deputy president. When it was my turn, I pledged to obey and uphold the Constitution and to devote myself to the wellbeing of the Republic and its people.
1 Choose the option that lists the set of statements that are NOT TRUE according to the given extract:
(1) The ceremony took place in the grand amphitheatre.
(2) The inauguration was experienced as the largest gathering.
(3) It was the time for the formation of a non-racial government.
(4) The incident was noticed on Tenth June.
(5) The white men ruled Africa for decades.
(6) It was the installation ceremony.
(7) It was South Africa’s republican day.
(a) (4) and (7)
(b) (1) and (2)
(c) (5) and (6)
(d) (3) and (4)
2 What is apartheid?
a. it is a political system that separates people based on their race and colour.
b. it is discrimination based on religion.
c. discriminating people based on their financial status.
d. segregating people based on their sexual orientation.
3 Why is there a specific mention of Tenth May in the passage?
a. it was a bright and clear day.
b. it was the inauguration ceremony of South Africa.
c. it was Mandela’s birthday.
d. it is mentioned as a casual day.
4 Pick the option that correctly classifies fact/ s (F) and opinion/ s (O) of the statement below:
(a) F- (2), (3), (4) and O – (1)
(b) F- (3), (2) and O – (4), (1)
(c) F- (2), (4) and O – (3), (1)
(d) F- (1), (2) and O – (3), (4)
Extra Question – Write a hundred words about Nelson Mandela.Hint : Character sketch of Nelson Mandela – check last question in 100 words questions
5 Why was the narrator besieged by the dignitaries and the World leaders?
a. they had come to arrest him.
b. they wanted to pay their respect and wishes for the inauguration ceremony.
c. they wanted to kill the narrator.
d. they wanted to take selfies with him.
6 Mark the sentence where besieged IS NOT used as expressed in the passage above.
a. The king’s army was determined to besiege the castle before nightfall.
b. The reporters would besiege the winner of the contest for interviews.
c. The robber was besieged by the residents and hit hard.
d. The police seized the firearms found at the gangsters’ hideout.
7 What does the writer imply by saying the site of a rainbow gathering of different colours and Nations?
a. beautiful rainbow had come up at the venue.
b. people of rainbow colours were present there.
c. people of all races and colours attended the ceremony together.
d. the South Africans had seen the rainbow after a long time.
For Answers visit Nelson Mandela MCQ at Homework Help by RG
Nelson Mandela Long Walk to freedom MCQ 2021-2022 | Class 10 English Lesson 2 Extra Questions |
To the assembled guests and the watching world, I said: Today, all of us do, by our presence here… confer glory and hope to newborn liberty. Out of the experience of an extraordinary human disaster that lasted too long, must be born a society of which all humanity will be proud. We, who were outlaws not so long ago, have today been given the rare privilege to be host to the nations of the world on our own soil. We thank all of our distinguished international guests for having come to take possession with the people of our country of what is, after all, a common victory for justice, for peace, for human dignity. We have, at last, achieved our political emancipation. We pledge ourselves to liberate all our people from the continuing bondage of poverty, deprivation, suffering, gender and other discrimination. Never, never, and never again shall it be that this beautiful land will again experience the oppression of one by another. The sun shall never set on so glorious a human achievement. Let freedom reign. God bless Africa!
8 Above extract has been taken from Mandela’s
9 What did the speaker mean by Newborn Liberty?
a. a new statue of liberty was constructed there.
b. independence from white supremacy and the rule of apartheid.
c. the rule of the earlier government had ended.
d. He is talking about a newborn baby.
10 Which human disaster is being talked about in the passage?
11 Why were they outlawed? because…
a. because of its policy of apartheid, many countries had earlier broken diplomatic relations with South Africa.
b. they did not follow the rules of the United Nations.
c. they came up with their own laws.
d. white supremacy did not like others’ laws
12 Select the odd pair from the following –
a. Independence: : dependence
b. emancipation : : restriction
c. Liberty: : opportunity
d. Freedom: : captivity
Nelson Mandela Long Walk to freedom MCQ 2021-2022 | Class 10 English Lesson 2 Term 1 MCQ
3rd Passage –
A few moments later we all lifted our eyes in awe as a spectacular array of South African jets, helicopters and troop carriers roared in perfect formation over the Union Buildings. It was not only a display of pinpoint precision and military force but a demonstration of the military’s loyalty to democracy, to a new government that had been freely and fairly elected. Only moments before, the highest generals of the South African defence force and police, their chests bedecked with ribbons and medals from days gone by, saluted me and pledged their loyalty. I was not unmindful of the fact that not so many years before they would not have saluted but arrested me. Finally, a chevron of Impala jets left a smoke trail of the black, red, green, blue and gold of the new South African flag.
The day was symbolised for me by the playing of our two national anthems, and the vision of whites singing ‘Nkosi Sikelel –iAfrika’ and blacks singing ‘Die Stem’, the old anthem of the Republic. Although that day neither group knew the lyrics of the anthem they once despised, they would soon know the words by heart.
13 Why did they lift their eyes in awe?
a. there was an impressive display of South African jets.
b. a sudden noise came into the air.
c. they were surprised to see the helicopters for the first time.
d. a beautiful rainbow had come up.
14 “I was not unmindful of the fact that not so many years …….”. What fact the narrator was talking about?
a. the fact was that South Africa was now independent.
b. the fact was that the Military officers who were saluting him that day had arrested him some years back.
c. that apartheid was demolished in South Africa.
d. that the rule of white supremacy had been turned down forever.
15 Why were two national anthems sung at the installation ceremony?
a. to symbolise the equality of blacks and whites and the termination of apartheid.
b. to impress the world with two national anthems.
c. to please the people of all races and colours.
d. the new government believed that two anthems would help in double the growth of the country.
16 Why did they despise the lyrics of the anthems?
a. the lyrics contained sensitive words.
b. both the groups hated each other due to the policy of apartheid and oppression of blacks.
c. they were demanding to keep one anthem for South Africa.
d. the lyrics of the anthems were not relevant for them.
4th Passage –
On the day of the inauguration, I was overwhelmed with a sense of history. In the first decade of the twentieth century, a few years after the bitter Anglo-Boer war and before my own birth, the white-skinned peoples of South Africa patched up their differences and erected a system of racial domination against the dark-skinned peoples of their own land. The structure they created formed the basis of one of the harshest, most inhumane, societies the world has ever known. Now, in the last decade of the twentieth century, and my own eighth decade as a man, that system had been overturned forever and replaced by one that recognised the rights and freedoms of all peoples, regardless of the colour of their skin.
That day had come about through the unimaginable sacrifices of thousands of my people, people whose suffering and courage can never be counted or repaid. I felt that day, as I have on so many other days, that I was simply the sum of all those African patriots who had gone before me. That long and the noble line ended and now began again with me. I was pained that I was not able to thank them and that they were not able to see what their sacrifices had wrought.
17 Whose sufferings is Mandela talking about in the above passage?
a. his own sufferings.
b. the sufferings of the black people of South Africa.
c. sufferings of the freedom fighters of South Africa.
d. sufferings of the previous government of the country.
18 What does the narrator mean by – “that long and noble line ended and now begin again with me”.
a. he broke the line and stood himself in the first place.
b. all the old noblemen of South Africa died and a new leader was born.
c. the fellow patriots of Mandela sacrificed their lives but now South Africa had got freedom in Mandela’s leadership.
d. Mandela will become the world leader now.
19 What does Nelson Mandela mean when he says “Perhaps it requires such depth of oppression to create such heights of character.”
a. People must undergo oppression to become great.
b. Oppression turns people violent.
c. Oppression creates a strong character in those affected.
d. Oppression creates rivalry among people.
20 Point out the sentence that uses ‘to patch up differences’ incorrectly.
a. The teacher asked the students to patch up their differences and be friends again.
b. He tried to patch up their quarrel.
c. Can you patch up this electric iron?
d. Tina and Akshat are still trying to patch up their marriage.
The policy of apartheid created a deep and lasting wound in my country and my people. All of us will spend many years, if not generations, recovering from that profound hurt. But the decades of oppression and brutality had another, unintended, effect, and that was that it produced the Oliver Tambos, the Walter Sisulus, the Chief Luthulis, the Yusuf Dadoos, the Bram Fischers, the Robert Sobukwes of our time* — men of such extraordinary courage, wisdom and generosity that their like may never be known again. Perhaps it requires such depths of oppression to create such heights of character. My country is rich in the minerals and gems that lie beneath its soil, but I have always known that its greatest wealth is its people, finer and truer than the purest diamonds.
Q 21 What was the unintended effect of oppression and brutality?
a. White Supremacy was overturned forever in South Africa.
b. South Africa got freedom from oppression.
c. great freedom fighters came up to stand against apartheid.
d. it created a deep and lasting impact on the people of South Africa.
Q 22 Why did their deep wounds take years to recover?
a. they had gone through the most inhumane system in the world.
b. their basic rights and freedoms were seized from them.
c. they did not get timely medical treatment.
d. all above
Q 23 “Perhaps it requires such depth of oppression to create such heights.” Mark the literary device used in the above sentence.
Q 24 According to the narrator what can be finer and truer than the purest diamonds?
a. Minerals and gems
b. freedom fighters of a country
c. people of a country
d. none of the above
Q 25 Nelson Mandela praises his fellow fighters in terms of extraordinary
a. courage, wisdom, and generosity
b. height, age and generosity
c. courage, age and skin colour
d. courage, speech and character
Q 26 South Africa is NOT known for the abundance of
a. minerals and gems
b. purest diamonds
d. none of the above
Case-Based Question Class 10
Q 27 Can you name an incident where it took several years or generations for people to recover from profound hurt created by nature or manmade?
a. First world war
b. atomic bomb explosion at Hiroshima and Nagasaki
c. Colonisation of India by Britain
d. capture of Afghanistan by Taliban
It is from these comrades in the struggle that I learned the meaning of courage. Time and again, I have seen men and women risk and give their lives for an idea. I have seen men stand up to attacks and torture without breaking, showing a strength and resilience that defies the imagination. I learned that courage was not the absence of fear, but the triumph over it. The brave man is not he who does not feel afraid, but he who conquers that fear.
No one is born hating another person because of the colour of his skin, or his background, or his religion. People must learn to hate, and if they can learn to hate, they can be taught to love, for love comes more naturally to the human heart than its opposite. Even in the grimmest times in prison, when my comrades and I were pushed to our limits, I would see a glimmer of humanity in one of the guards, perhaps just for a second, but it was enough to reassure me and keep me going. Man’s goodness is a flame that can be hidden but never extinguished.
Q 28 How did Nelson Mandela define courage?
a. absence of fear
b. courage is victory over fear
c. courage is Freedom
d. courage is in showing strength
Q 29 What comes naturally to human hearts as explained in the passage?
Q 30 What did he say about man’s goodness?
a. people must learn to become good.
b. men’s goodness can be hidden for some time but never extinguished.
c. man is losing goodness over time.
d. man is not born with goodness.
Q 31 What did he notice in one of the guards in prison?
d. glimmer of humanity
Q 32 What do you understand by the line – showing strength and resilience that defies the imagination?
a. it is a synonym of subsistence living
b. unimaginable ability to deal with any kind of torture and hardships and recover from its effects.
c. to keep silent amid tortures
d. none of the above
Q 33 The narrator had seen men and women risking their lives for an idea. Can you find out what the idea was?
a. The idea was to overpower South Africa’s political power.
b. The idea was to fight against social discrimination prevailing in South Africa.
c. The idea was a secret, not known to anybody.
d. The idea was to defeat the white-skinned people.
Q 34 Mark the feelings of the narrator when he wrote- even in the grimmest times in prison.
a. he was elated with joy
b. he was worried.
c. he was injured
d. he was very serious and unfriendly
Q 35 During the tough times in the prison what reassured him and kept him going?
a. glimmer in guard’s eyes
b. a sip of water
c. hope to win against the ruling political system
d. company of his fellow patriots
Term 1 Class 10 Nelson Mandela MCQ Passage 7
In life, every man has twin obligations — obligations to his family, to his parents, to his wife and children; and he has an obligation to his people, his community, his country. In a civil and humane society, each man is able to fulfil those obligations according to his own inclinations and abilities. But in a country like South Africa, it was almost impossible for a man of my birth and colour to fulfil both of those obligations. In South Africa, a man of colour who attempted to live as a human being was punished and isolated. In South Africa, a man who tried to fulfil his duty to his people was inevitably ripped from his family and his home and was forced to live a life apart, a twilight existence of secrecy and rebellion. I did not, in the beginning, choose to place my people above my family, but in attempting to serve my people, I found that I was prevented from fulfilling my obligations as a son, a brother, a father and a husband.
Q 36 According to the narrator, how many obligations does every man have in life?
Q 37 In what type of society each man is able to fulfil these obligations?
a. Civil and in inhumane society
b. Civil and humane society
c. modern society
d. traditional society
Q 38 What twin obligations do Mandela mention in the passage?
a. obligations to family and country.
b. obligation towards the army and police.
c. obligation towards civilians and ministers.
d. obligation to the constitution and country.
Q 39 Why was it impossible to fulfil the twin obligations for a man of South Africa? because…
a. South African government allowed fulfilling only one obligation.
b. South Africa was an underdeveloped country.
c. men of South Africa were very lazy.
d. dark-skinned people in South Africa were punished and isolated if they demanded freedom and equality.
Q 40 What happened to a man of colour who attempted to live as a human being in South Africa?
a. he was executed at an open place.
b. he was sent to jail.
c. he was forced to live a life as a rebellion away from his family.
d. none of the above.
Vocabulary Based Question Class 10
Q 41 What do you understand by the phrase – “a twilight existence of secrecy and rebellion”.
a. to Iive in a less illuminated place.
b. to live a life hiding in the dark jungles and termed as a rebellion.
c. to join hands secretly with the rebellions of the country.
d. to live in a situation of confusion and uncertainty.
Q 42 Mandela says, “I did not choose to place my people above my family”. Who is referred to as people in the passage?
a. his parents
b. his brother and sisters
c. his countrymen
d. his wife and children
Nelson Mandela Class 10 New Pattern of MCQ 2021-2022 (Passage 8)
I was not born with a hunger to be free. I was born free — free in every way that I could know……………
When I joined the African National Congress, and that is when the hunger for my own freedom became the greater hunger for the freedom of my people. It was this desire for the freedom of my people to live their lives with dignity and self-respect that animated my life, that transformed a frightened young man into a bold one, that drove a law-abiding attorney to become a criminal, that turned a family-loving husband into a man without a home, that forced a life-loving man to live like a monk. I am no more virtuous or self-sacrificing than the next man, but I found that I could not even enjoy the poor and limited freedoms I was allowed when I knew my people were not free. Freedom is indivisible; the chains on any one of my people were the chains on all of them, the chains on all of my people were the chains on me.
I knew that the oppressor must be liberated just as surely as the oppressed. A man who takes away another man’s freedom is a prisoner of hatred; he is locked behind the bars of prejudice and narrow-mindedness. I am not truly free if I am taking away someone else’s freedom, just as surely as I am not free when my freedom is taken from me. The oppressed and the oppressor alike are robbed of their humanity.
Q 43 How did Mandela’s hunger for freedom change his life?
a. he sacrificed his family and home.
b. he raised his voice for the people of his country
c. he transformed from a frightened young man to a bold and law-breaking man.
d. All above
Q 44 Why does he demand liberation for an oppressor?
a. because he wanted justice for all.
b. he was fighting for equality.
c. he believed that an oppressor was locked behind narrow mindedness and needs to be liberated.
d. the oppressor was a puppet in the hands of the white government.
Q 45 What turned a family loving husband into a man without a home?
a. the group of fair-skinned people.
b. the laws enforced upon him.
c. his hunger for freedom.
d. none of the above.
Q 46 Who would you term as oppressed in South Africa?
a. white people
b. black people
c. brown people
Quotation Based Question Class 10 Nelson Mandela
Q 47 Which quotation shows – ‘prejudice and narrow mindedness’
Any young man who makes dowry a condition to marriage, discredits his education and his country and dishonours womanhoodMahatma Gandhi
Men of quality respect women’s equality.Jeremiah Say
Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.Nelson Mandela
Dogs and Indians are not allowed.Britishers
Q 48 Why did Mandela say that freedom was indivisible?
a. it could not be divided by any number.
b. he believed that chains on any one of his people were chains on all of them.
c. because the whites dominated it.
d. none of the above.
Q 49 What does Mandela think about ‘oppressor’ and ‘oppressed’?
a. they both are robbed of their humanity.
b. oppressor is more powerful.
c. oppressed is more powerful.
d. we must sympathise with both of them.
Case-Based Question First Flight Class 10
Q 50 What do you think who will value the freedom more from the following options?
a. one who is born with freedom.
b. a person having all the basic rights.
c. one who is denied even the basic freedom and put behind bars.
d. all above