Poem Fire and Ice Poetic Devices Class 10 English CBSE

Poem: Fire and Ice

Some say the world will end in fire,
Some say in ice.
From what I’ve tasted of desire
I hold with those who favor fire.
But if it had to perish twice,
I think I know enough of hate
To say that for destruction ice
Is also great
And would suffice.
Robert Frost

Fire and Ice Poetic Devices

“Fire and Ice” is a short but powerful poem by Robert Frost that explores the idea of destruction and the end of the world. The poem is made up of nine lines and uses several poetic devices to convey its message.


Symbolism: One of the most prominent poetic devices used in the poem is symbolism. The poem uses the symbols of fire and ice to represent two opposing forces that can lead to destruction.

Fire is often associated with passion, desire, and energy, while ice is associated with coldness, indifference, and apathy. Using these symbols, the poem explores the idea that passion and indifference can lead to destruction, suggesting that there is no right or wrong way to end the world.

Alliteration: Another poetic device used in the poem is alliteration. Alliteration is the repetition of sounds at the beginning of words, and “Fire and Ice” use this device in several places. For example, the line “Some say the world will end in fire” uses alliteration with the repetition of the “w” sound in “world,” and “will,”.

Imagery: The poem also uses imagery to create vivid mental pictures in the reader’s mind. The image of fire and ice is used to create a stark contrast between two powerful forces that can destroy the world. The image of fire is described as “great” and “desire,” while the image of ice is described as “cold” and “hate.”

Repetition: Finally, the poem uses repetition to emphasize its central message. The lines “But if it had to perish twice, / I think I know enough of hate / To say that for destruction ice / Is also great / And would suffice” are repeated twice in the poem, once at the beginning and once at the end. This repetition helps to drive home the idea that both fire and ice can lead to destruction and that there is no easy answer to the question of how the world will end.

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