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Class 10 English Sample Paper 2023-24 Solutions (Essayshout exclusive – based on CBSE marking scheme)
|Q 1. Discursive Passage|
(1) As a high school student, studying poetry can be a rollercoaster ride. This journey is punctuated by moments of profound appreciation for simpler pieces and intermittent frustration with more complex works. Let’s be real here -some poems are just plain confusing and no amount of re-reading seems to help decipher the intended meaning. The puzzlement that results from such instances can be both vexing and demotivating. If solving a riddle is what was intended, then playing Sudoku is a better option. One is led to ponder if obscurity was the goal.
(2) Conversely, some pieces resonate with the reader’s soul. stirring feelings of warmth, happiness, and connection to the world. Often, these compositions centre on themes that are universally understood, such as love, nature, or faith. Being able actually to understand what the poet is trying to say can feel like a little victory and is a welcome relief after grappling with more perplexing poetry.
(3) Then there are poems that are emotionally charged; the ones that make the reader curl up in a ball and cry or jump up and down with joy. One is left in awe of the poet’s ability to convey emotion through words. Let’s not forget the downright weird poems. These are the ones that defy categorization and leave the reader to their own devices in attempting to interpret meaning. The author’s use of figurative language and unconventional imagery can create a sense of bewilderment that is either intriguing or off-putting. Regardless, the reader can appreciate the uniqueness of the work.
(4) Despite the wide range of emotions and reactions that come with studying poetry, it can be a rewarding pursuit. Not only does reading poetry allow one to appreciate the artistic beauty of the written word but also enables one to develop crucial critical thinking and analytical skills. The process of unlocking a poem’s meaning can feel like cracking a code or solving a puzzle but the sense of accomplishment derived from mastering a challenging piece can be deeply gratifying. Finally, impressing an English teacher with a well-analysed poem can be a source of pride and validation.
(5) Overall, studying poetry is like a box of mixed chocolates, you never know what you’re going to get. But whether it’s complex, emotional, simple, or just downright weird, there’s always something to be gained from experience. So, let’s applaud all the poets out there, for making us laugh, cry, scratch our heads, and occasionally feel like a genius.
Created for academic usage/ 414 words
Answer the following questions, based on the Unseen passage about poetry.
Q 1 As A High School Student Studying Poetry Can Be A Rollercoaster Ride…
i Which of the following statements best describes the author’s attitude towards studying poetry?
A. Finds poetry to be a frustrating and meaningless endeavour.
B. Believes that the emotional rollercoaster of studying poetry is not worth the effort.
C. Recognizes the challenges of studying poetry but also acknowledges the rewards it offers.
D. Feels that poetry is too obscure and abstract for the average person to appreciate.
ANS: C. Recognizes the challenges of studying poetry but also acknowledges the rewards it offers.
ii What is the tone of the writer in the given lines from paragraph (1)? Rationalise your response in about 40 words.
‘If solving a riddle is what was intended, then playing Sudoku is a better option. One is led to ponder if obscurity was the goal.”
ANS: The tone of the writer in the given lines is critical/sceptical.
He compares comprehending a poem to being even tougher than solving a sudoku. Through the second part of the line, the writer hints that the poems are intentionally written in a complex way to confuse the reader.
iii Complete the sentence appropriately.
The author’s use of vivid imagery in paragraph (3), such as “curl up in a ball and cry” and “jump up and down with joy”, greatly affects the reader because ______________
ANS: it creates a visual effect that can be easily imagined by the reader and in the right magnitude or intensity.
iv The passage includes some words that are opposites of each other. From the sets (a)-(e) below, identify two sets of antonyms:
ANS: sets of Antonyms –
(a) intriguing and off-putting
(d) simple and challenging
v Complete the sentence appropriately.
We can say that the author’s tone becomes more neutral and objective when discussing weird poems, compared to other types of poetry because ____________
ANS: The author analyses that some poems put the readers in a state of bewilderment due to the use of unconventional use of imagery and figure of speech. But later he says that the reader can appreciate their uniqueness.
vi Based on the reading of the passage, examine, in about 40 words, how studying poetry can be like exploring a new city.
ANS: Just as exploring a new city requires an open mind and a sense of curiosity, studying poetry requires a willingness to engage with different styles and interpretations of the text, and to approach the subject matter with an open and receptive attitude.
vii What is the message conveyed by Hina’s experience, in the following case?
Hina spends hours trying to analyze a poem for her assignment and finally feels a sense of accomplishment and pride, once she understands.
A. Only those with a natural talent for poetry should engage with it.
B. Persistence makes studying poetry a rewarding pursuit.
C. Study of poetry is guaranteed to impress others.
D. The efforts of studying poetry are inversely proportional to the rewards gained.
ANS: B. Persistence makes studying poetry a rewarding pursuit.
viii State whether the following lines display an example of a simple/complex / emotionally charged / downright weird, poem.
The sun rises in the east,
A new day begins, a fresh start.
Birds chirp, nature wakes up,
A peaceful feeling in my heart.
[This verse is simple in terms of its language, structure, and content. It describes a natural scene, which is easy to comprehend and has a peaceful effect on the reader.]
|Q 2. Case-Based Passage|
Read the following text. (10 marks)
(1) Reduction in green areas has caused various environmental problems. People squeezed between concrete structures are looking for various ways to meet their longing for green. One of the ways to do so is through vertical gardens and green walls. Vertical gardening is a unique method of gardening where plants are grown in a vertical position or upward, rather than in the traditional method of planting them on the ground.
(2) The purpose of vertical gardens and green walls, which arises from the studies of different
disciplines (landscape architects, architects, engineers, etc.), is to close the cold image of concrete and increase its visual value. In these systems, nature and structures are integrated, and thus, urban areas and the desired environment have become intertwined.
(3) Vertical garden case studies often show that, though functionality should be in the foreground when vertical gardens are planned, they are generally made as aesthetic elements in the city’s underpasses and city squares, and decorative elements in residences, without seeking functionality.
(4) Experts support that the visual quality and evaluation of landscape architecture are determined based on the satisfaction of the users. Hence, a survey questionnaire was prepared for residents of varied age groups from of a metropolitan city.
|No.||Survey statements||Strongly agree||Agree||Neutral||Disagree||Strongly disagree|
|1||Vertical gardens improve quality of life of people in urban areas||191||138||43||9||19|
|2||Reduce noise pollution||128||164||77||25||6|
|3||Increase air quality -indoors and outdoors||172||147||51||28||2|
|4||Reduce energy and water consumption||58||47||125||68||2|
|5||Positively impact global warming||114||144||106||30||6|
|6||Have a relaxing and calming effect||161||177||44||7||11|
|7||Cost too much||86||107||152||42||13|
|8||Make plants look beautiful||195||139||44||6||16|
|9||Add naturalness to the environs||135||173||55||25||12|
|10||Are among the determining factor to visiting a place||59||133||141||54||13|
|11||Are inconvenient indoors||9||84||123||126||48|
|12||Can be applied in every place||71||132||97||77||23|
|13||Have a functional feature||81||207||100||10||2|
|15||Funds are best used for social issues||57||72||100||130||41|
Answer the following questions, from the case-based passage about vertical gardening –
i Complete the following analogy appropriately, based on your understanding of paragraphs 1 & 2.
We can say that the situation of people living in concrete structures is comparable to a fish living in a fishbowl, and the need for vertical gardens to the need for decorations in the fishbowl because ___.
ANS: because the decorative plants and rocks inside an aquarium/fishbowl simulate the feeling of a natural habitat for fishes. Similarly, vertical gardens can provide physical and mental well-being to people living in concrete structures.
ii Fill in the blanks with the appropriate option from those given in brackets, based on your understanding of paragraph 2.
The statement that, urban spaces have become more closely connected with the desired natural surroundings through the incorporation of nature and structures in vertical gardens and green walls, is a __________(fact/ opinion) because it is a _______ (subjective judgement/ objective detail).
ANS: Opinion, subjective judgement
It is a subjective statement whereby some people express their opinion that vertical gardens or green walls have connected concrete with nature. But it can’t be called a fact because everyone does not feel the same way.
iii Justify the following, in about 40 words.
While the survey results suggest that vertical gardens may be effective in improving the quality of life in urban areas, further research and evaluation may be necessary to fully understand their effectiveness and potential drawbacks.
ANS: Based on the survey findings, it can be stated that the majority of people approve of the idea of incorporating vertical gardens in urban areas. However, in order to ensure its sustainability and value as a worthwhile investment of time and money, further research and evaluation are necessary to understand the functional features of this innovative approach.
iv Based on the survey results, which two concerns should a city government, looking to install vertical gardens, address?
ANS: Before installing vertical gardens, city governments should first consider the high installation and maintenance costs. Additionally, it is advisable to avoid fitting them on busy roads due to the potential risk of driver distractions.
v In Table 1, statement 3, “Vertical gardens increase air quality – indoors and outdoors,” received the most neutral responses from participants, with 51 respondents indicating a neutral stance. State any one inference that can be drawn from this.
ANS: Participants may not be fully informed or aware of the effects of vertical gardens on air quality, which could contribute to the neutral response.
It is possible that participants did not have a strong opinion or preference regarding the effect of vertical gardens on air quality, which resulted in a neutral response.
vi Select the option that correctly displays what ‘intertwined’ signifies. (Reference-Paragraph 2)
A. (i) , (iv) and (v)
B. Only (ii)
C. Only (iii)
D. (ii) and (v)
ANS: B. Only (ii)
Intertwined meaning: to twist in a way that is difficult to separate, for example – females braid their hair tightly.
vii Infer one benefit and one drawback of vertical gardening, in comparison to other solutions, such as community gardens or parks. (Answer in about 40 words)
ANS: Advantages of vertical gardens over other green spaces-
a. They can be installed in small spaces, making them ideal for urban areas with limited space.
b. They also offer aesthetic and design benefits, as they can be customized to fit specific architectural styles or preferences.
Disadvantages of vertical gardens over other green spaces-
a. May not provide as much space for outdoor recreation as community gardens or parks do.
b. The cost of installation and maintenance may be higher than for other types of green spaces.
viii Which of the following is the main takeaway from the study mentioned in the passage?
A. Vertical gardening has minimal impact on the environment or human well-being.
B. Vertical gardening is a sustainable practice that can transform urban spaces into green areas.
C. The impact of vertical gardening on the environment and human well-being has already been thoroughly explored.
D. The study needs to include experts from horticultural firms to offer any recommendations for further research.
ANS: B. Vertical gardening is a sustainable practice that can transform urban spaces into green areas.
|3||Complete ANY TEN of twelve of the following tasks, as directed.|
|i||Fill in the blank by using the correct form of the word in the bracket, for the given portion of|
This is with reference to the committee’s letter of recommendation that ______________ (highlight) the nominations for ‘Safe Residential Area’ award for this current year.
|ii||Read the given sentence from a recipe review article. Identify the error and supply the|
correction in the sentence.
This delightful recipe must keep your hunger pangs at bay with its balanced spices and
error – must
correction – would/will
|iii||Abhilash and Neha had a conversation about the inauguration of Neha’s Dance Academy.|
Report Abhilash’s question.
Is your best friend helping you in this venture?
ANS: Abhilash asked Neha if her best friend was helping her in that venture.
|iv||Read the dialogue between Shabnam and her mentor, Sara, regarding her summer internship|
Sara: Why did you choose to participate in this internship programme?
Shabnam: Ah! I am convinced this programme has the potential to enhance my abilities.
Select the correct option to complete the reporting of the above dialogue.
Sara asked Shabnam _____________________ in that internship programme.
Shabnam sighed and exclaimed that she was convinced that the programme had the potential to
enhance her abilities.
A. why to choose to participate
B. to choose participation
C. why she had chosen to participate
D. with her choice in participating
ANS: C. why she had chosen to participate
|v||Fill in the blank by choosing the correct option, to complete the concluding line of an issued|
circular by an Organisation, to its Managers.
A copy of the plan is enclosed and __ (that/ then/ this) may be communicated to all
Team Leaders for compliance.
|vi||Identify the error and supply correction for the given sentence from a commercial company’s|
current marketing strategy.
The company aimed at increasing authority in areas frequently visited by the clients.
correction – aims
|vii||Select the option that identifies the error and supplies the correction for the closing line, from|
an analytical report.
In conclusion, this study explores the association among short-sleep pattern and overweight
Option error correction
A explores explore
B and or
C among between
D In for
ANS: error – among
correction – between
|viii||Complete the given narrative, by filling the blank with the correct option.|
The experience of nursing an injured bird left me ___________ grateful for knowing the importance of being kind and compassionate to all creatures.
B. having felt
ANS: A. feeling
|ix||Report the dialogue between a vendor and his customer, by completing the sentence:|
Vendor: It is nice to see you, Sir!
Customer: Yes, indeed! Unlike last month, I have been away for quite some time this month.
The vendor greeted his customer respectfully and mentioned that he was pleased to see him.
The customer answered in the affirmative and explained that __________
ANS: unlike the previous month he had been away for quite some time that month.
|x||Fill in the blank by choosing the correct option to complete the live feed on a school news channel.|
Congratulations Change Makers!
The regional competition awards have been announced and our school music club
_____________ the first prize.
A. had been won
B. will win
C. was winning
D. has won
ANS: D. has won
|xi||Complete the line from a self-awareness song, by filling in the blank with the correct option.|
The river runs through your veins
The trees and mountains ___________ your name
The moon and stars watch over
You’re guiding your way back home
To dream the night away.
A. will call
C. had called
ANS: B. call
|xii||Identify the error and supply correction for the following note in a passenger’s flight instruction manual:|
Note- Passengers will not reach the airport late in order to avoid a fine equivalent to 5% of the basic fare
ANS: error – will
correction – should
|CBSE Sample Paper 2022-23 Fully Solved|
|Term 1 English Sample Paper Solutions|
|Term 2, 2022 Question Paper Answer Key Pdf|
|Term 2 Sample Paper Fully Solved|
|English Sample Paper 2021 Fully Solved|
Q 4.(A) As Vaishali Nathani of 214, Indrayani Apartments, Vaishali Street, Daipur, you believe that forming Ecology clubs and appointing Eco-minders in your city can aid in the preservation and conservation of nature. Write a letter to the MLA of your city area, in about 120 words, suggesting the need to form such clubs. Share their importance and implications. Recommend the involvement of resident volunteers for the implementation of eco-club activities that nurture and protect the local ecosystem
ANS: Formal Letter to MLA
124, Indrayani Apartments
Vaishali Street, Daipur
21 August 2023
Subject: Suggestion Regarding the Need to Form Ecology Clubs
This letter is written to express my concern about the environmental degradation in our city and suggest a solution that I believe could help in preserving and conserving nature. I believe that forming Ecology clubs and appointing Eco-minders in our city can aid in this endeavour. Ecology clubs can be run by resident volunteers who may undertake activities such as making bird-houses, planting native trees, water harvesting and creating compost piles to nurture and protect the local ecosystem. By involving the residents in these activities, we can raise awareness about the importance of preserving nature and instil a sense of responsibility towards it.
Some of the implications of forming Ecology clubs are reduction of pollution levels, increase in biodiversity and promotion of sustainable practices. This initiative will enhance the quality of life of the residents by providing them with a green and healthy environment.
Madam, you are requested to kindly consider this suggestion to ensure better preservation and conservation of nature.
Q 4.(B) As Armaan Khan, the School Literary Captain of Ujjwal Academy, Old City, Kiladerabad, you believe that languages can help bridge regional divides and promote unity.
Write a letter to the Editor of a national daily, in about 120 words, suggesting the introduction of an online regional language learning programme managed and run by student councils and language clubs in the city. The programme aims to help residents who have recently relocated to a new region to pick up the local language organically. Share the importance and credibility of such a programme and suggest a feasible way to execute it along with possible activities.
ANS: Letter to Editor
Old City, Kilandarabad
30 August 2023
Subject: Introduction of Online Regional Language Learning Programmes
As someone who believes that languages can help bridge regional divides and promote unity, I am writing to suggest the introduction of an online regional language learning programme in our city to help the recently relocated residents (of all ages) establish a healthy rapport with the local residents and promote mutual understanding. This online programme, organised and run by student councils and language clubs, can help these residents pick up the local language organically.
This initiative may be conducted only on weekends for three months, making it feasible for participants to attend without hindering their work or studies. Activities such as language exchange programmes, cultural events, and group discussions on the virtual platform can be undertaken to make this programme more engaging.
I hope that publishing this letter in the columns of your Daily shall urge the community to support this programme for its potential, to bring people together, to promote language proficiency, and foster a sense of brotherhood.
(Captain, Literary Club)
Q 5.(A) Tsering, of class X, is contesting for the post of Junior School Captain, in the upcoming student council elections. Given below is her character traits graphic, shared in the public domain, by the school counsellor, for the awareness of student voters, at school.
All of Tsering’s peers have been asked to write a paragraph in about 120 words, analysing these traits, to either support or oppose her candidature. As one of her peers, write this analytical paragraph, by selecting some of the traits that support your analysis.
You may begin like this :
As a responsible student voter, I believe Tesring possesses/does not possess the necessary traits to be a School Captain.
You may end like this:
For these reasons, I believe she has/does not have the potential to be a good School Captain and I support/oppose her candidature.
ANS: Supporting Tesring’s candidature
As a responsible student voter, I believe Tesring possesses the necessary traits to be an excellent School Captain. Her disciplined study routine and hard work ethic indicate her ability to prioritize and manage her time effectively. Tsering is less impulsive but sensitive and focuses on the excellent outcome of tasks assigned to her demonstrating good decision-making skills. Additionally, her willingness to help peers in academic and personal difficulties highlights her empathetic and caring nature. Furthermore, Tsering believes in the “One for all and all for one” policy, which is pivotal in fostering a sense of community and promoting inclusivity in the school. While she may be an average academic performer, her positive attitude and desire for appreciation will motivate her in her pursuit of excellence. For these reasons, I believe she has the potential to be a good School Captain and I support her candidature.
Opposing Tsering’s candidature
As a responsible student voter, I am sceptic about Tsering’s candidature for the School Captain’s position. While she maintains a disciplined study routine, she is an average academic performer. Additionally, her quest for appreciation may cause her to prioritize recognition over the well-being of the school community. Moreover, Tsering’s sensitivity, while admirable, may hinder her ability to make tough decisions and exercise effective leadership skills. While her willingness to help peers is commendable, it may also distract her from her responsibilities as the School Captain. Finally, Tsering’s focus on the excellent outcome of tasks assigned to her may cause her to overlook the process and teamwork required to achieve those outcomes which are crucial for the school’s smooth functioning. For these reasons, I believe she does not have the potential to be a good School Captain and I oppose her candidature.
Q 5.(B) As the Captain of the school’s Cultural Club, you have been asked to study the given itinerary provided by a tour-organizing vendor.
|A 3N/2D Educational Tour for Senior School Students:|
Jabalpur and Ranha National Park (Vandhya Pradesh)
- Tour Travel & sightseeing by bus.
- Accommodation on quad sharing basis.
- One staff member is complimentary for every 20 students.
- Bottled mineral water throughout the tour.
- Dance Party on 22 November.
- Insurance policy of ₹ 20,000/- per head.
- Provision of Tour Manager’s assistance to all places.
|Day||Estimated time of departure from||Estimated time of arrival||Sight-seeing Destination/ Activity||Time spent at the destination|
|22 Nov. 2023||8:49 am (Nagpur Junction)||5:23 pm||Reporting at the hotel|
|23 Nov. 2023||9:00 am (hotel)||10:00 am||Bhawartal Garden||1 hr.|
|11:00 am (garden)||11:40 am||Bhedaghat Dhuandhar Falls||1 hr.|
|12:40 pm (falls)||1:00 pm||Lunch (nearby restaurant)||1 hr.|
|2:00 pm (restaurant)||2:15 pm||Marble Rocks Cable car tour||1 hr. 30 mins|
|3:45 pm (Marble Rocks)||4:45 pm||Rani Durgavati Museum||1 hr. 30 mins|
|6:15 pm (museum)||7:00 pm||Back to the hotel|
|24 Nov. 2023||5:30 am (hotel)||170 kms- 4 hrs. drive to Tiger Reserve|
|9:30 am||Ranha Tiger Reserve||7 hrs.|
|4:30 pm (Tiger Reserve)||9:00 pm||Back to the hotel|
|25 Nov. 2023||7:54 am (Jabalpur Railway station)||4:21 pm (Nagpur Railway Junction)|
Analyse this itinerary to either approve or reject the tour proposal, while focusing on the student’s safety, interest, and physical wellness. Write this analytical paragraph in about 120 words, by selecting features that support your analysis.
You may begin like this :
A thorough analysis of the itinerary provided by the tour-organizing vendor reveals that the tour proposal should be accepted/rejected.
You may end like this:
Therefore, the tour proposal for the educational trip should be approved/rejected.
ANS: Analytical Paragraph Accepting the proposal (Sample Answer 1)
A thorough analysis of the itinerary provided by the tour organizing vendor reveals that the tour proposal should be accepted. It is well-planned and includes an array of educational activities for the students. The inclusion of visits to Bhawartal Garden, Bhedaghat Dhuandhar Falls, Marble Rocks Cable car tour, and Rani Durgavati Museum offers an opportunity for the students to learn about nature, history, and art. The tour to Kanha Tiger Reserve adds an element of adventure and allows students to connect with wildlife. The provision of bottled mineral water, insurance policy, and tour manager’s assistance ensures the safety and well-being of the students. The inclusion of a DJ party adds to the entertainment, enjoyment and enthusiasm quotient of the tour. The complementary staff provided for every twenty students further adds to the security of the students. Therefore, the tour proposal for the educational trip should be approved.
Analytical Paragraph Accepting the proposal (Sample Answer 2)
A thorough analysis of the itinerary provided by the tour organizing vendor reveals that the tour proposal should be accepted. The itinerary is well-planned, covering popular tourist destinations in Nagpur and Jabalpur. The accommodation is provided on a quad-sharing basis, ensuring students have a comfortable stay. The package includes bottled mineral water throughout the tour, a staff member complimentary for every 20 students, a dance party, and an insurance policy of ₹20,000/- per head, ensuring the safety and well-being of the students. Additionally, the provision of a Tour Manager’s assistance throughout the tour will make the trip hassle-free and enjoyable for everyone. Overall, this package offers an excellent opportunity for our students to learn, explore, and have fun. Therefore, the tour proposal for the educational trip should be approved.
Analytical Paragraph Rejecting the Proposal (Sample Answer 1)
A thorough analysis of the itinerary provided by the tour organizing vendor reveals that the tour proposal should be rejected. While the tour includes various educational activities, we have concerns about the safety and well-being of the students. The tour includes a long journey of nearly nine hours from Nagpur Junction to Jabalpur and vice versa. Also, it mentions an early morning departure at 5:30 am to the Kanha Tiger reserve and late evening arrival back to the hotel, on the last day. Long hours of travel and a hectic schedule may lead to physical exhaustion and hamper the learning experience of the students. Additionally, the inclusion of a DJ party may not be suitable for an educational tour. The tour-organizing vendor has not provided details on the quality of the hotel and the quad-sharing basis may not be comfortable for all students. Hence, considering the well-being of the students, the tour proposal for the educational trip should be rejected.
Alternate Analytical paragraph rejecting the offer (Sample Answer 2)
A thorough analysis of the itinerary provided by the tour organizing vendor reveals that the tour proposal should be rejected. While the itinerary covers popular destinations in Nagpur and Jabalpur, the duration of the tour, as well as the long travel hours cause a concern. Early departure for Kanha Reserve does not seem practical to follow. Moreover, the accommodation provided on a quad-sharing basis may not be suitable for some students. Although the package includes bottled mineral water throughout the tour, a staff member complimentary for every 20 students, a dance party, and an insurance policy of ₹20,000/- per head, these factors do not address the primary concerns of fun and safety. The efforts in organizing this package are appreciated but considering the well-being of the students, the tour proposal for the educational trip should be rejected.
|LITERATURE TEXTBOOK AND SUPPLEMENTARY READING TEXT|
Q 6. Read the given extracts and answer the questions for ANY ONE of the two, given.
A. The question he tried to answer was simple: What is the purpose of the twelve tiny gold spots on a monarch pupa? “Everyone assumed the spots were just ornamental,” Ebright said. “But Dr Urquhart didn’t believe it.” To find the answer, Ebright and another excellent science student first had to build a device that showed that the spots were producing a hormone necessary for the butterfly’s full development. This project won Ebright first place in the county fair and entry into the International Science and Engineering Fair. There he won third place in zoology. He also got a chance to work during the summer at the entomology laboratory of the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research. (The Making of a Scientist)
i State any one inference about Dr Urquhart from the given context: Everyone assumed the spots were just ornamental,” Ebright said. “But Dr Urquhart didn’t believe it.”
ANS: From the above lines it can be inferred that Dr Urquhart did not believe in assumptions and was sceptical to find rational answers.
ii State TRUE or FALSE.
None of the terms (a) -(d) below, can be applied to the question – What is the purpose of the twelve tiny gold spots on a monarch pupa?
(a) A hypothesis – a proposed explanation for a phenomenon
(b) An assumption – something that is taken for granted or assumed to be true without proof
(c) A premise – a proposition that forms the basis of an argument
(d) A theory – a well-substantiated explanation for a natural phenomenon
[This statement would not be called a hypothesis, assumption, premise, or theory. It is simply a statement of the question that Ebright was trying to answer.]
iii Ebright’s approach towards finding the purpose of the gold spots on a monarch pupa was highly effective. Elaborate in about 40 words, with reference to the extract.
ANS: Ebright’s approach was highly effective in finding the purpose of the gold spots on a monarch pupa. By building a device that showed that the spots were producing a hormone necessary for the butterfly’s full development, he was able to provide evidence that contradicted the prevailing assumption that the spots were purely ornamental. This earned him recognition in science fairs and provided him with opportunities to work at research laboratories.
iv Which phrase would correctly substitute ‘a chance’, in the given sentence from the extract? He also got a chance to work during the summer at the entomology laboratory of the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research.
ANS: an opportunity
LOMOV: It’s cold… I’m trembling all over, just as if I’d got an examination before me. The great thing is, I must have my mind made up. If I give myself time to think, to hesitate, to talk a lot, to look for an ideal, or for real love, then I’ll never get married. Brr…It’s cold! Natalya Stepanovna is an excellent housekeeper, not bad-looking, and well-educated. What more do I want? But I’m getting a noise in my ears from excitement. (Drinks) And it’s impossible for me not to marry. In the first place, I’m already 35— a critical age, so to speak. In the second place, I ought to lead a quiet and regular life. I suffer from palpitations, I’m excitable and always getting awfully upset; at this very moment my lips are trembling, and there’s a twitch in my right eyebrow. (The Proposal)
i Which of the following is NOT a reason why Lomov thinks he must marry?
A. He is already 35 years old.
B. He suffers from palpitations.
C. He is excitable and easily upset.
D. He is in love with Natalya.
ANS: D. He is in love with Natalya.
ii Why is it fair to say that Lomov’s tone, when he says “What more do I want?”, is uncertain and questioning? Answer in about 40 words.
ANS: Lomov’s tone when he says “What more do I want?” is uncertain and questioning because he is trying to convince himself that Natalya Stepanovna is a suitable match for him, but at the same time, he seems to be struggling with doubts and fears. His tone suggests that he is trying to reassure himself that he has made the right decision, but he is not entirely convinced.
iii Read the following descriptions (a)-(c) and identify which one correctly corresponds to the extract.
(a) A debate is a formal discussion on a particular topic, usually with two or more people presenting different viewpoints and arguments.
(b) A soliloquy is a speech given by a character alone on stage, which reveals their innermost thoughts and feelings to the audience.
(c) An aside is a brief comment or remark made by a character directly to the audience, which is not intended to be heard by other characters on stage.
ANS: (b) A soliloquy is a speech given by a character alone on stage, which reveals their innermost thoughts and feelings to the audience.
iv If an actor were to enact this extract, what would he be required to focus on, while modulating his voice?
ANS: The actor would be required to convey Lomov’s nervousness and excitement through his voice modulation. [For example, he could raise his voice when Lomov is getting excited or lower it when he is feeling anxious.]
Q 7. Read the given extracts and answer the questions for ANY ONE of the two, given.
A. But if it had to perish twice,
I think I know enough of hate
To say that for destruction ice
Is also great
And would suffice.
(Fire and Ice)
Fill in the blank with one word.
i When the speaker says that ice could also bring about the end of the world, he refers to_____________, as the means for destruction.
ii What does the speaker’s alignment with those who favour ice, suggest?
ANS: The speaker’s alignment with those who favour ice suggests that they have experienced the destructive consequences of hatred, a lack of empathy and emotional connection.
iii Which of the following best describes the speaker’s attitude towards destruction caused by ice?
ANS: D. Respectful
[The speaker acknowledges the destructive power of ice in the lines “To say that for destruction ice / Is also great.” The use of the word “great” implies a sense of awe or respect for the power of ice to cause destruction.]
iv Comment on the poet’s use of language in these lines.
ANS: The language used in these lines is simple and straightforward. The words and phrases are easy to understand and the poem is written in a conversational tone. Despite its simplicity, however, the poem carries a profound message about the destructive power of both fire and ice and the inevitability of destruction.
Q 7 B)
The fog comes
on little cat feet.
It sits looking
over harbour and city
on silent haunches
and then moves on.
i In what way does the language used in this poem challenge traditional ideas of what poetry should be?
ANS: Unlike traditional poetry that often relies on complex rhyme schemes and metaphors, this poem uses simple, everyday language to create a vivid picture in the reader’s mind to create a powerful and evocative mood.
ii What is the significance of the use of the word “little” to describe the fog in the poem and how does this word choice contribute to the overall mood and tone of the poem? Answer in about 40 words.
ANS: The word “little” used to describe the fog in the poem suggests the subtle and quiet nature of the fog. The word “little” also evokes a sense of innocence and vulnerability, as if the fog is a harmless creature moving through the city. This contributes to the overall mood and tone of the poem, which is calm and peaceful, with a touch of mystery.
iii Complete the sentence with the appropriate option. The lines from the poem tell us that the city is ____________.
ANS: B. coastal [the evidence lies in the use of the word ‘harbour’]
iv Identify the type of imagery used in the lines of the poem.
ANS: Visual/animal imagery
Q 8 Answer ANY FOUR of the following five questions, in about 40-50 words. 4×3=12
i Justify the opinion that the traditional baker and his bread play a significant role in the cultural and social fabric of Goan society. (Glimpses of India-I)
ANS: Portuguese brought with them bread baking in Goa for the first time. They had already left, but bread and bread recipes are still an integral part of Goan tradition and culture. The lady of the house must make bread sandwiches on her daughter’s engagement. Christmas and other festivals are incomplete without cakes and bolinhas.
Furthermore, bread making profession has been passed down from one generation to the next because it is still considered a profitable profession. The profitability factor clearly shows that bread plays a significant role in the cultural and social fabric of Goan society.
ii How does Leslie Norris use vivid imagery and metaphorical language in A Tiger in the Zoo, to effectively depict the confinement and oppression, experienced by the captive tiger?
ANS: Leslie Norris uses vivid imagery and metaphorical language in “Tiger in the Zoo” to effectively
depict the confinement and oppression experienced by the captive tiger. The use of the words “vivid stripes” and “pads of velvet quiet” creates a powerful image of the tiger’s physical beauty and grace that is restricted within the confines of the cage. The contrast between the tiger’s natural habitat and its captivity is highlighted through the description of its expected behaviour in the wild such as “sliding through long grass” and “snarling around houses” and its actual behaviour within the cage.
iii Explain how the description of the devastation caused by the hailstorm reflects sadness within Lencho, in A Letter to God?
Refer to the given lines, from the text –
Not a leaf remained on the trees. The corn was totally destroyed. The flowers were gone from the plants. Lencho’s soul was filled with sadness.
ANS: The description of the devastation caused by the hailstorm also reflects the sadness within Lencho. The fact that “not a leaf remained on the trees” and “the flowers were gone from the plants” suggests a sense of emptiness and loss, which mirrors Lencho’s feelings of despair and disappointment.
The destruction of the corn, which was the source of his livelihood, is particularly devastating for him.
iv Kitty was a trusted friend to Anne. Elaborate. (From the Diary of Anne Frank)
ANS: Kitty (Anne’s diary) was a trusted friend to Anne. It allowed her to express her thoughts and feelings freely without fear of rejection. She could confide and unburden herself because she believed that paper has more patience than people. Kitty could not talk back with Anne but it proved to be a source of venting for her emotions that can serve as a therapy to keep calm in times of distress.
v How does Ogden Nash’s The Tale of Custard the Dragon, challenge the notion that individuals should conform to societal expectations?
ANS: Ogden Nash’s “The Tale of Custard the Dragon” challenges the idea that individuals should conform to societal expectations. The poem portrays a timid dragon named Custard who is mocked by his more aggressive and fierce peers. However, in the end, Custard musters up the courage to save his friends from the sudden attack of a pirate. The poem highlights the importance of embracing one’s individuality and defying societal norms to achieve success and contribute positively to society.
HINT: In addition to Custard’s character, the other characters in Ogden Nash’s “The Tale of Custard the Dragon” also challenge societal expectations. The mouse, for instance, is expected to be fearful and weak, but instead, it shows great courage and resourcefulness in saving the day. The knight, who is expected to be brave and heroic, instead proves to be foolish and cowardly, relying on Custard and the other animals for protection. The poem suggests that one should not be defined by societal expectations or stereotypes, but rather by their own unique qualities and actions. By showcasing a range of unexpected traits in its characters, the poem encourages readers to embrace their individuality and challenge societal norms.
|FOOTPRINTS WITHOUT FEET|
Q 9 Answer ANY TWO of the following three questions, in about 40-50 words. 2×3=6
i The story, A Triumph of Surgery is a powerful example of the importance of saying “no”. Explain.
ANS: The story highlights the importance of making responsible choices and saying “no” to unhealthy practices, even if it means going against the desires of loved ones. Dr Herriot advised Mrs Pumphrey to stop overfeeding Tricki and give it a balanced diet and exercise. However, she could not say ‘No’ to stuffing and pampering her dog which resulted In making it sluggish and seriously ill.
ii How does education play a transformative role in Bholi’s life? (Bholi)
ANS: omment below f you need the answer
iii The various elements of Robert Arthur’s writing style work together to create a sense of tension, uncertainty, and suspense, well-suited to the mystery and suspense genre of the story, The Midnight Visitor. Comment, with reference to any one element.
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